About Airport


Gautam Buddha International Airport, situated in Bhairahawa City within Siddharthanagar Municipality, Rupandehi District, Lumbini Province, is a pivotal gateway to Nepal. Positioned just 3 kilometers from the city center of Bhairahawa, which serves as Nepal's largest cross-border point with India, the airport is also conveniently located 18 kilometers from Lumbini, the sacred birthplace of Lord Buddha—a UNESCO World Heritage Site and 20 kilometers from Butwal, a bustling commercial hub in central Nepal. This strategic location makes Gautam Buddha International Airport an essential transit hub for the businesses and culturally and scenically significant touristic destinations in the mountainous districts of Arghakhanchi, Gulmi, and Palpa.

Historical Background:

Originally inaugurated as "Bhairahawa BimanGhaat" on March 1, 1967, under the Indian Government Assistance Program of the Government of Nepal, the airport has undergone a remarkable transformation. Originally known as "Bhairahawa Airport," it was later renamed "Gautam Buddha Airport" in 1999, paying homage to Lord Buddha. The airport's journey from a domestic facility to an international one culminated in its official inauguration on May 16, 2022. This evolution aligns with the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal's (CAAN) commitment to modernize infrastructure, adhere to global safety standards, and elevate the nation's aviation capabilities.

Key Features:

1. Modern state of the art Infrastructure:

Gautam Buddha International Airport boasts cutting-edge infrastructure, including a spacious world-class terminal building, a well-maintained runway (3000m long, 45m wide), and taxiway systems capable of handling large aircraft. The airport also features state-of-the-art air traffic control facilities and technology-driven solutions that enhance operational efficiency.

2. International Connectivity:

Functioning as a crucial link to the global aviation network, the airport facilitates international flights, positioning itself as a gateway for tourists and pilgrims visiting Lumbini and the surrounding areas.

3. Strategic Location: Accessible and Economical

Connected by national highways and roads, the airport is easily accessible from all corners of Nepal. Various transportation options, including public buses, taxis, and e-Rickshaws, are available round the clock from the city center. Accommodation options, ranging from luxury hotels to budget-friendly bed and breakfasts, cater to diverse preferences.

Geographically being Nepal’s southern belt “Tarai” center, migrant families, foreign employment engaged people, industrial and cross-boarder businesses activities boosts air travel in the region. The airport's location near the birthplace of Lord Buddha adds a unique cultural dimension, making it a starting point for pilgrimages to Lumbini.

4. Industrial and Business Corridor: Cargo and Trade:

Beyond passenger travel, Gautam Buddha International Airport plays a pivotal role in supporting cargo operations. It serves as a vital link for transporting goods and commodities, enhancing trade opportunities for local businesses. The airport's proximity to Nepal's largest cross-border point with India makes it an essential economic hub. It becomes a conduit for foreign employment, family friends' travel, and business engagements. The airport's contribution to the industrial and business corridor enhances trade opportunities for local businesses and establishes the region as a dynamic economic center.

5. Facilities:

The airport offers a comprehensive range of facilities and services, including check-in counters, customs and immigration services, lounges, retail shops, restaurants, and car rental services. These amenities ensure a comfortable and convenient experience for passengers.

6. Environmental Considerations:

Emphasizing environmentally sustainable practices, the airport strives to minimize its ecological footprint. Initiatives include effective waste management, energy conservation, and landscaping that harmonizes with the natural surroundings.

7. Future Expansion:

With its strategic location and potential for growth, Gautam Buddha International Airport is poised for future expansion to meet the increasing demand for air travel to and from Lumbini and the broader region. This underscores its significance as a key player in the region's aviation landscape.

Location of GBIA in Nepal



Schematic view of GBIA Master Plan